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New Education policy of India: the government is all set to implement the new education policy and revolutionize the Indian education in next 20 years...

new education policy
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India is undoubtedly the fastest growing country in the world and has left several countries behind in various fields but still, we fell short in a very crucial topic which is essential for development of any country, education.

Indians have suffered from problems in the educational system for several years. The hardcore focus on bookish knowledge and the valuation of capabilities of a student on the basis of his/her scores are responsible to fade away the other skills from students.

The situation is so tense that today our schools & colleges seem to be factories which every year assembles and trains humanoid robots which do nothing other than being the part of the system and being less knowledgable than an old man.

education system
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The education system has forced the students to drag and confine their area of interest from the world to just the text written in between two pages to which we have mistaken as a scholastic textbook.

In fact, it has degraded the minds of students to such a lowest extent because they study such things which have far no use in daily life.

Simply a topper can't learn from a book to tie a screw, to fold the clothes, etc. This makes students unsuitable for the general lives and makes them an "educated dumbs".

It can be never a scholastic textbook which just gains us pretty digits in our mark sheets and overall reduces our thinking capabilities, decision-making powers, understanding, etc and makes us a dumb in front of un-educated but highly skilled people.

education system
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We are fed up of this and opinions of "The New Education Policy" have been common in the regular household discussions presently. We don't want our kids to suffer such hardships but we have to be a part of the system.

The present Education Policy, of which we've cursed about was implemented in 1986 and amended in 1992. But have not been upgraded with the fast-changing technologies and new parameters of the 21st century.

So ethically our schools are not suitable for our children right now despited they suited us in our schooling ages. So addressing this most serious issues the first Modi Government had announced to form a committee in 2016 to make inputs in the education policy draft.

new education policy
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It's Chaired by former ISRO chief Dr K. Kasturirangan and it's also known as Kasturirangan committee which contains 9 members which have prepared the draft by taking assistance from several scientists, educationists, principals, etc.

And on 31st May 2019, the final draft was submitted to the Ministry of Human Resource & Development lead by MHRD minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank.

new education policy
Image credit: India Today

Presently, India spends 3.8% of GDP which is planned to increase to 6%. The draft also includes several changes which are to be made to revolutionise the education system of India.

➥Firstly the Ministry of Human Resource & Development [MHRD] will be renamed as Ministry of Education [MoE].

➥The draft of the new policy is based on four pillars namely Access, Equity, Quality & Affordability.

➥The RTE [Right to Education] will be extended from 3 to 18 yrs and to replace the 10+2 system with a 5+3+3+4 system in the curriculum:

  • 5 yrs [3-8] Foundation Stage: Grade 1,2
  • 3 yrs [8-11] Preparatory Stage: Grade 3,4,5
  • 3 yrs [11-14] Middle Stage: Grade 6,7,8
  • 4 yrs [14-18] Secondary Stage: Grade 9,10,11,12

➥The syllabus will be focused on improving the skills in students and sharpening them to be suitable for the 21st century.

➥It will also reduce the content load in the scholastic syllabus which will lead the students to focus more on other beneficial activities.

➥The Early Childhood Care & Education [ECCE] will be included in the school education in the curricular & pedagogical structure.

➥The four-year stage-specific B.Ed programme will be compulsory for being eligible for a teacher's job.

➥All the sub-standard institutes of teacher would be shut down and large universities & colleges will come up to improve the quality of teachers.

➥Quality of higher study institutes will be improver under two missions namely Nalanda Mission & Taxshila Mission which will be of three types according to their areas of focus:

  • Type 1: quality teaching & world-class research
  • Type 2: quality education of disciplines of research
  • Type 3: quality education in Under graduation

➥Reforming several UG programs like B.Sc, BA, B.Com, B.Voc, etc to make several entry-exit paths

➥Curricular, co-curricular, extracurricular activities including any subject & activities will be treated equally.

➥Internationalisation of high education, quality distance learning, more technical use in education, etc have been recommended in the draft.

➥A new research body called The National Research Foundation will be created to strengthen as well as encourage the research capabilities of institutes.

➥To make education a non-profit activity, private institutes will be treated equally as the governmental.

➥Indian classical languages will be promoted more and three new national institutes will come up which will teach Pali, Persian & Prakrit languages.

➥Indian Institute of Translation & Interpretation [IITI] will also be made.

➥Rashtriya Shiksha Ayog will be formed to implement all the changes properly Indiawide with the parallel efforts between centre & states.

For now, the draft is been submitted in the HRD Ministry and opinions of various people from various fields are taken and necessary changes are been made. And as per the web sources, it will be implemented on 15th August.

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