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Cyclone: extremely severe cyclonic storms like "Fani" can be defeated and the casualties as well as damages can be also minimise, but how???

cyclone
Image credit: AOL

When it comes to natural disasters on water, tropical cyclones are one of the most dangerous & uncontrollable ones.

And when the landfall happens, the gap between life and death highly reduces. The winds which give us relief in summer seems deadly during landfalls.

They are sometimes stronger to a very large extent and can blow away everything that comes in their way including large trees, roofs, etc.

So basically how it's formed?

cyclone formation
Image credit: Wikipedia

Cyclones form due to the creation of cyclonic situations in the ocean. The continuous heating up of air creates a force similar to the sucking of air normally from the ocean surface.

This hot air forms heavy clouds in the troposphere and the continuous process strengthens it more and more. 

The condensation also supplies more energy to the cyclonic structure making it more dangerous and forms the centre of cyclone named as the eye of the cyclone.

The eye of the cyclone has very low pressure. After the formation, the entire structure tries to move away from the site of formation and also becoming massive in its path.

How is it detected?

In modern days, there are satellites available in plenty which can impressively detect every moment of a cyclone as well as predict accurately most often, where the cyclone can advance further.

The strength of cyclone, speed of winds, impact, etc can also be predicted.

The recent tropical cyclone in Bay of Bengal named "FANI" was detected 8 days before the landfall by the Indian Metrological Department [IMD].

IMD
Image credit: News On AIR

IMD provided updates time to time and declared alerts accordingly. Those alerts acted as a deadline for the administrative departments, central government as well as the governments of the states which could be affected.

How should be the preparedness?

All the agencies like CRPF, Navy, DMF, Coast Guards, etc were deployed in those states and they appreciably did all the pre-arrangements.

cyclone preparedness
Image credit: Outlook India

The deployed forces evacuated over 12 lakh citizens, built up 9,000 storm centres, 7,000 kitchens, appointed thousands of workers & 43,000 volunteers, etc. This built up a large disaster management base.

In this kind of time period, the preparedness of administrative departments decides how it is going to be affected by the upcoming disaster.

As stronger the administration would be prepared for the cause, they would be equally successful in minimising the damages.

And the dark days of FANI...

cyclone
Image credit: Business Insider

And on the 3rd of May FANI made the landfall at Puri's coast and its eye travelled through the state of Orissa, West Bengal & lastly Bangladesh.

It also affected the surrounding areas covering Andhra Pradesh, entire East India, Bangladesh, Bhutan and Sri Lanka too.

It was finally dissolved, two days after the landfall, causing the overall damage of $1.8 billion. Its strength was similar with 1999 Odisha cyclone. There were about 10,000 casualties in 1999 before which 89 casualties in 2019 emerges as a small number.

And the Relief teams were appreciated for not letting this number to be advanced further. United Nations too appreciated the relief works by the responsible departments.

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